The Russian Government remains committed to the resource model. Every year more and more difficult to meet the country's needs for material wealth at the expense of resource revenues. The biggest debate is to validate the measures and forms of government involvement in the economy. The results of analysis of official economic strategy of the «Strategy 2020» lead to the conclusion that based on the resource model of the problem of economic development of Russia is practically not solve. Meanwhile, other strategic approaches are fundamentally similar as to how to overcome the dependence on natural resources. They differ only in the forms and methods of the maneuver. Economic policy criticized by supporters of the two new paradigms of modern development. This is the paradigm of technological structures and the paradigm of the new industrialization. These paradigms are summarized, in fact, in one paradigm - neoindustrial structure. The strategy should include a set of priority measures. Analysis of the data allows to ascertain the achievement of a critical threshold of substitution of labor income in the federal budget of Russia and the country's GDP, revenues from natural resources. We believe that the first measures should be innovative reconstruction of the material and technical base of domestic enterprises. Our program is intended to strengthen the state's presence in important areas of development. The state should not be limited overall coordination of the economy, evolving under the influence of market forces. The program of reconstruction of the economy should include six interconnected blocks. Innovative renovation will increase the competitiveness of the economy, will ensure the sustainability of the state budget. Russia will come out on the path of excellence - neo-industrial, knowledge-based, innovation.