Professional negligence can be defined as malpractice by a professional that not according to reasonable skill and care. Negligence among construction professional may result in damage to property and person or loss of life. It is therefore important for the construction professional to exercise reasonable skill and care when carrying their work in order to minimize the possibility of being charged with negligence. How does the judge determine whether a professional man has exercise the necessary skill in carrying out their work? What are the criteria or the general outline for negligence to be established? The objective of this research is to identify criteria that judges determine whether a professional man is negligent or not when discharging their duty. For the purpose of this study ten case law of negligence from United Kingdom, Malaysia and Singapore has been carefully chosen for the analysis. Case law between 1980 to date was chosen to make sure that the principle of negligence use is up to date. The study suggested that the first method for the judge is to determine the relationship between the plaintiff and defendant and whether they owed a duty of care to the plaintiff. Several criteria on proving duty of care like relationship in tort and contract, proximity, foreseen ability, causation and the qualification of the professional. Then the judge will see whether defendant has breach that duty. The first criteria are the court will check whether the professional has exercise reasonable skill and care, requirement and regulation, assists with expert evidence and regulatory bodies of the relevant profession. The last one is whether the damage must be actual and resulted from the defendant breach. The important from this element is if one of the element is failed to be proved by plaintiff, the negligence cannot be establishes
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.