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Morphological differences between wild and farmed Mediterranean fish

By Pablo Arechavala-Lopez, Pablo Sanchez-Jerez, Just T. Bayle-Sempere, Dimitris G. Sfakianakis and Stylianos Somarakis

Abstract

Gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) and European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) are important commercial marine fish species both for aquaculture and fisheries in the Mediterranean. It is known that farmed individuals escape from farm facilities, but the extent of escape events is not easy to report and estimate because of the difficulty to distinguish between wild and farmed individuals. In this study, significant differences provided through morphometry evidence that the cranial and body regions of seabream and seabass are different regarding their farm or wild origin at different scales. Morphological variations have been shown to be a valuable tool for describing changes in shape features. Therefore, the biomass contribution of escapees to local habitats could be determined by identifying escaped individuals from fisheries landings as a first step to assess the potential negative effects of fish farm escapees on the environment, and their influence on wild stocks and local fisheries.This study was financed by the EU-proyect ‘‘PreventEscape’’ (7th Framework European Commission, num. 226885; http://www.preventescape.eu/)

Topics: Seabream, Seabass, Morphometry, Escapees, Aquaculture, Fisheries landings, Ecología, Zoología
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1007/s10750-011-0886-y
OAI identifier: oai:rua.ua.es:10045/18740
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