This report has been commissioned by the Equality and Human Rights Commission\ud (the Commission) to develop and deepen understanding of the impact of counterterrorism\ud legislation on Muslim communities. There has been concern regarding\ud the compliance of counter-terrorism laws and policies with human rights, and their\ud potential discriminatory impact on specific communities.1 In Great Britain, counterterrorism\ud measures are overwhelmingly experienced by Muslims. Since the terrorist\ud attacks of 9/11 there has been a raft of legislation and policies specifically designed\ud to counter terrorism: many of these have departed from the usual criminal justice\ud or other policy and practice and have been subject to criticism and concern.\ud Furthermore, the courts have found some measures to be non-compliant with\ud human rights.\ud The need to understand the impact of counter-terrorism laws, policies and practices\ud is critical, as counter-terrorism measures may be counterproductive, especially if\ud they fail to protect human rights, discriminate, increase repression, or stigmatise\ud and alienate certain groups. This can undermine the trust and confidence needed\ud for effective cooperation and may, in itself, bolster the terrorist’s narrative.\ud This is, primarily, a small scale, in-depth, qualitative study. It examines the\ud experiences of counter-terrorism laws, policies and practices through case studies\ud of local communities in four areas across Britain: Birmingham, East London, Glasgow\ud and Leicester. In each of these areas four focus groups were held involving local\ud residents (both Muslim and non-Muslim), exploring participants’ experiences and\ud perceptions. In addition, 60 interviews were held with individuals working in the civil\ud society and community organisations, practitioners and officials at the local and\ud national level
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