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Mythos y logos en Parménides

By Michel Pierre Fattal

Abstract

International audience“Mythos and logos in Parmenides”. Although Parmenides does not present a strongly negative connotation of the mythical discourse of the poetic tradition, as Xenophanes does, there is no less truth to the fact that we witness with him a true transmutation of the Homeric and Hesiodic discourse, especially regarding the complex problem of truth, deceit and verisimilitude. The philosophical originality of Parmenides lies not only in the elaboration of a logos that would, for the first time in Western Thought, embody the idea of a “personal critical reason”, capable of “judging” the refutation pronounced by the authority of a “Master of Truth”, nor in the institution of a gnōmē (judgement) capable of choosing between things with more or less verisimilitude, but also in the fact of undertaking, long before Plato –and in a different manner than in the Sophist–, a reflection on truth and error that is guided by the question of the good and bad combinations, the good and bad separations

Topics: truth, falsehood, mythos, logos, gnōmē, verdad, falsedad, [SHS.PHIL]Humanities and Social Sciences/Philosophy
Publisher: Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú : Departamento de Humanidades
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-01929747v1
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