Benefits from intracoronary as compared to intravenous abciximab administration for STEMI patients undergoing primary angioplasty: a meta-analysis of 8 randomized trials.


Item does not contain fulltextBACKGROUND: Adjunctive abciximab administration has been demonstrated to reduce mortality and reinfarction in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) referred to invasive management. Standard abciximab regimen consists of an intravenous (IV) bolus followed by a 12-h IV infusion. Experimental studies and small clinical trials suggest the superiority of intracoronary (IC) injection of abciximab over IV route. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to perform a meta-analysis of randomized trials (RCTs) to assess the clinical efficacy and safety of IC vs IV abciximab administration in STEMI patients undergoing primary angioplasty. METHODS: We obtained results from all RCTs enrolling STEMI patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The primary endpoint was mortality, while recurrent myocardial infarction, postprocedural epicardial (TIMI 3) and myocardial (MBG 2-3) perfusion were identified as secondary endpoints. The safety endpoint was the risk of major bleeding complications. RESULTS: A total of 8 randomized trials were finally included in the meta-analysis, enrolling a total of 3259 patients. As compared to IV route, IC abciximab was associated with a significant improvement in myocardial perfusion (OR [95% CI]=1.76 [1.28-2.42], p<0.001), without significant benefits in terms of mortality (OR [95% CI]=0.85 [0.59-1.23], p=0.39), reinfarction (OR [95% CI]=0.79 [0.46-1.33], p=0.37), or major bleeding complications (OR [95% CI]=1.19 [0.76-1.87], p=0.44). However, we observed a significant relationship between patient's risk profile and mortality benefits from IC abciximab administration (p=0.011). CONCLUSIONS: The present updated meta-analysis showed that IC administration of abciximab is associated with significant benefits in myocardial perfusion, but not in clinical outcome at short-term follow-up as compared to IV abciximab administration, without any excess of major bleedings in STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI. However, a significant relationship was observed between patient's risk profile and mortality benefits from IC abciximab administration. Therefore, waiting for long-term follow-up results and additional randomized trials, IC abciximab administration cannot be routinely recommended, but may be considered in high-risk patients.1 juni 201

Similar works

Full text


Radboud Repository

Full text is not available
oai:repository.ubn.ru.nl:2066/110377Last time updated on 9/6/2013

This paper was published in Radboud Repository.

Having an issue?

Is data on this page outdated, violates copyrights or anything else? Report the problem now and we will take corresponding actions after reviewing your request.