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Universal binding energy relation for cleaved and structurally relaxed surfaces

By Aarti Srirangarajan, Aditi Datta, Appala Naidu Gandi, U Ramamurty and UV Waghmare

Abstract

The universal binding energy relation (UBER), derived earlier to describe the cohesion between two rigid atomic planes, does not accurately capture the cohesive properties when the cleaved surfaces are allowed to relax. We suggest a modified functional form of UBER that is analytical and at the same time accurately models the properties of surfaces relaxed during cleavage. We demonstrate the generality as well as the validity of this modified UBER through first-principles density functional theory calculations of cleavage in a number of crystal systems. Our results show that the total energies of all the relaxed surfaces lie on a single (universal) energy surface, that is given by the proposed functional form which contains an additional length-scale associated with structural relaxation. This functional form could be used in modelling the cohesive zones in crack growth simulation studies. We find that the cohesive law (stress-displacement relation) differs significantly in the case where cracked surfaces are allowed to relax, with lower peak stresses occurring at higher displacements

Topics: Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Publisher: IOP PUBLISHING LTD
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1088/0953-8984/26/5/055006
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.iisc.ac.in:48492
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