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Seeking a fingerprint: analysis of point processes in actigraphy recording

By Ewa Gudowska Nowak, Jeremi K. Ochab, Katarzyna Oles, Ewa Beldzik, Dante Renato Chialvo, Aleksandra Domagalik, Magdalena Fafrowicz, Tadeusz Marek, Maciej A. Nowak, Halszka Oginska, Jerzy Szwed and Jacek Tyburczyk

Abstract

Motor activity of humans displays complex temporal fluctuations which can be characterised by scale-invariant statistics, thus demonstrating that structure and fluctuations of such kinetics remain similar over a broad range of time scales. Previous studies on humans regularly deprived of sleep or suffering from sleep disorders predicted a change in the invariant scale parameters with respect to those for healthy subjects. In this study we investigate the signal patterns from actigraphy recordings by means of characteristic measures of fractional point processes. We analyse spontaneous locomotor activity of healthy individuals recorded during a week of regular sleep and a week of chronic partial sleep deprivation. Behavioural symptoms of lack of sleep can be evaluated by analysing statistics of duration times during active and resting states, and alteration of behavioural organisation can be assessed by analysis of power laws detected in the event count distribution, distribution of waiting times between consecutive movements and detrended fluctuation analysis of recorded time series. We claim that among different measures characterising complexity of the actigraphy recordings and their variations implied by chronic sleep distress, the exponents characterising slopes of survival functions in resting states are the most effective biomarkers distinguishing between healthy and sleep-deprived groups.Fil: Gudowska Nowak, Ewa. Marian Smoluchowski Institute of Physics; Polonia. Mark Kac Center for Complex Systems Research; Polonia. Jagiellonian University; PoloniaFil: Ochab, Jeremi K.. Mark Kac Center for Complex Systems Research; Polonia. Marian Smoluchowski Institute of Physics; PoloniaFil: Oles, Katarzyna. Mark Kac Center for Complex Systems Research; Polonia. Marian Smoluchowski Institute of Physics; PoloniaFil: Beldzik, Ewa. Jagiellonian University; PoloniaFil: Chialvo, Dante Renato. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; ArgentinaFil: Domagalik, Aleksandra. Jagiellonian University; PoloniaFil: Fafrowicz, Magdalena. Jagiellonian University; PoloniaFil: Marek, Tadeusz. Jagiellonian University; PoloniaFil: Nowak, Maciej A.. Mark Kac Center for Complex Systems Research; Polonia. Marian Smoluchowski Institute of Physics; PoloniaFil: Oginska, Halszka. Jagiellonian University; PoloniaFil: Szwed, Jerzy. Mark Kac Center for Complex Systems Research; Polonia. Marian Smoluchowski Institute of Physics; PoloniaFil: Tyburczyk, Jacek. Mark Kac Center for Complex Systems Research; Polonia. Marian Smoluchowski Institute of Physics; Poloni

Topics: FLUCTUATIONS (THEORY), SELF-ORGANISED CRITICALITY (THEORY), SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION (THEORY), STOCHASTIC PROCESSES (THEORY), Astronomía, Ciencias Físicas, CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Publisher: 'IOP Publishing'
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1088/1742-5468/2016/05/054034
OAI identifier: oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/53060
Provided by: CONICET Digital
Journal:

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