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Maxwell-Stefan theory based lattice Boltzmann model for diffusion in multicomponent mixtures

By Zhenhua Chai, Xiuya Guo, Lei Wang and Baochang Shi


The phenomena of diffusion in multicomponent (more than two components) mixtures are very universal in both science and engineering, and from mathematical point of view, they are usually described by the Maxwell-Stefan (MS) based continuum equations. In this paper, we propose a multiple-relaxation-time lattice Boltzmann (LB) model for the mass diffusion in multicomponent mixtures, and also perform a Chapman-Enskog analysis to show that the MS based continuum equations can be correctly recovered from the developed LB model. In addition, considering the fact that the MS based continuum equations are just a diffusion type of partial differential equations, we can also adopt much simpler lattice structures to reduce the computational cost of present LB model. We then conduct some simulations to test this model, and find that the results are in good agreement with some available works. Besides, the reverse diffusion, osmotic diffusion and diffusion barrier phenomena are also captured. Finally, compared to the kinetic theory based LB models for multicomponent gas diffusion, the present model does not include any complicated interpolations, and its collision process can be still implemented locally. Therefore, the advantages of single-component LB method can also be preserved in present LB model.Comment: 28 pages, 14 figure

Topics: Physics - Computational Physics
Publisher: 'American Physical Society (APS)'
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevE.99.023312
OAI identifier:

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