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Phase decomposition of the template metric for continuous gravitational-wave searches

By S. Mastrogiovanni, P. Astone, S. D Antonio, S. Frasca, G. Intini, I. La Rosa, P. Leaci, A. Miller, F. Muciaccia, C. Palomba, O. J. Piccinni and A. Singhal


A type of gravitational-wave signals in the LIGO-Virgo sensitivity band are expected to be emitted by spinning asymmetric neutron stars, with rotational frequencies that could plausibly emit continuous gravitational radiation in the most sensitive band of the LIGO-Virgo detectors. The most important feature of such kind of signals is in their phase evolution, which is stable over a long observation run. When using analysis based on matched filtering, the phase evolution of long-coherent signals is needed to define how to build a proper template grid in order to gain the best signal-to-noise ratio possible. This information is encoded in a matrix called \textit{phase metric}, which characterizes the geometry for the likelihood given by the matched filtering. Most of the times, the metric for long-coherent signals cannot be computed anlaytically and even its numerical computation is not possible due to numerical precision. In this paper we show a general phase decomposition technique able to make the template metric analytically computable. We will also show how this variables can be employed to distinguish in a robust way among astrophysical signals and non-stationary noise artifacts that may affect analysis pipelines.Comment: 17 pages, 16 figure

Topics: General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology
Publisher: 'American Physical Society (APS)'
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevD.98.102003
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