10.1016/j.neucli.2018.05.038

Recommendations for the use of electroencephalography and evoked potentials in comatose patients

Abstract

International audiencePredicting the outcome of a comatose or poorly responsive patient is a major issue for intensive care unit teams, in order to give the most accurate information to the family and to choose the best therapeutic option. However, determining the level of cortical activity in patients with disorders of consciousness is a real challenge. Reliable criteria are required to help clinicians in the decision-making process, especially in the acute phase of coma. In this paper, we propose recommendations for recording and interpreting electroencephalography and evoked potentials in comatose patients based on the literature and the clinical experience of a group of neurophysiologists trained in the management of comatose patients. We propose methodological guidelines and discuss prognostic value of each test as well as the limitations concerning recording and interpretation. Recommendations for the strategy and timing of neurophysiological assessments are also proposed according to various clinical situations

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This paper was published in HAL-HCL.

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