Limiting climate change: verification of compliance with treaty commitments to limit greenhouse gas emissions from forests and land use by remote sensing


This report contains the results of a study of how to verify compliance with treaty commitments to limit anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. The study concentrated on establishing methods of verifying compliance with the Framework Convention on Climate Change. In particular, it examined methods of monitoring commitments to limit anthropogenic emissions from forests, agriculture and waste (for example, landfill sites) rather than from fossil fuel burning, which has been the subject of other detailed studies. Background and basis for the work Verification of compliance with international agreements must be carried out at a national level, because nation states are the parties to such agreements and it is their compliance with their commitments that must be checked by any verification regime. Therefore, it is essential that any verification regime is able to measure the amount (preferably the mass) of greenhouse gas which is anthropogenically generated within each nation which is party to an agreement to limit emissions of them. Also, because gases disperse rapidly in the atmosphere, it is necessary to monitor emissions at their source. The first task in the study reported here was thus to identify emission sources. The main anthropogenic greenhouse gas emission sources, other than those associated with fossil fuel burning, are given in the table overleaf. The sources are categorised into three main 'sectors', the titles of which reflect the origins of the emissions. The sectors are: forests, agriculture and waste. Within each of the sectors some of the more important features of the different types of source which might have a bearing on how they might be measured are given - for example, the size and numbers of sources are indicated, in general terms. Thesecond main task of the work reported here was to determine how to measure the sources listed in the table

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oaioai:juser.fz-juelich.de:850698Last time updated on 8/13/2018

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