n that come to dental offices with fear and anxiety usually tend to resist conditioning mechanisms. Aim: To evaluate childrens perception of dental treatment and to identify the factors influencing this perception. Methods: For this study, we selected a random sample of 100 children of both genders aged 3 to 12, treated at the Department of Dentistry of a University (Group I) and at a Childrens Hospital (Group II). A structured questionnaire about the childs perception about dental care was applied and the children were asked to draw a picture of this topic. Results: Most children expressed a positive perception in the questionnaire and in the drawings (93.8%). This positive perception was more accentuated in Group I (94%) and in children aged 3 to 5 years (100%), particularly in girls (78%). The main cause of fear was the use of needles (42.4%). Many children (24.2%) reported to prefer the noninvasive procedures. Conclusions: A positive perception of dental treatment was observed in most children. Therefore, dental pediatricians must be aware of the childrens perception for establishing a better conditioning
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