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Is the regulation of the transport sector always detrimental to consumers?

By Kristian Behrens, Gaigne Carl and Thisse Jacques-Francois

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to qualify the claim that regulating a competitive transport sector is always detrimental to consumers. We show indeed that, although transport deregulation is beneficial to consumers as long as the location of economic activity is fixed, this is no longer true when, in the long run, firms and workers are freely mobile. The reason is that the static gains due to less monopoly power in the transport sector may well map into dynamic dead-weight losses because deregulation of the transport sector leads to more inefficient agglomeration. This latter change may, quite surprisingly, increase consumer prices in some regions, despite a more competitive transport sector. Transport deregulation is shown to map into aggregate consumer welfare losses and more inequality among consumers in the long run

Topics: transport deregulation, transport sector, imperfect competition, economic geography, interregional trade, JEL Classification: F12, F16, R12, R49, 330
Publisher: INRA-ESR
Year: 2006
OAI identifier: oai:repository.dl.itc.u-tokyo.ac.jp:2261/4028
Provided by: UT Repository
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