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Deep Multi-Structural Shape Analysis: Application to Neuroanatomy

By Benjamin Gutierrez-Becker and Christian Wachinger

Abstract

We propose a deep neural network for supervised learning on neuroanatomical shapes. The network directly operates on raw point clouds without the need for mesh processing or the identification of point correspondences, as spatial transformer networks map the data to a canonical space. Instead of relying on hand-crafted shape descriptors, an optimal representation is learned in the end-to-end training stage of the network. The proposed network consists of multiple branches, so that features for multiple structures are learned simultaneously. We demonstrate the performance of our method on two applications: (i) the prediction of Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment and (ii) the regression of the brain age. Finally, we visualize the important parts of the anatomy for the prediction by adapting the occlusion method to point clouds.Comment: Accepted at MICCAI 201

Topics: Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Year: 2018
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1806.01069

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