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Novel Phonoreceptive Mechanism of the Cochlear for Low-frequency Sound

By W. Yao, J. Ma, J. Liang, X. Huang and Y. Chen

Abstract

Nobel Laureate von Bekesy experimentally discovered travelling wave vibration of the basilar membrane (BM) in the cochlear, which first reveals the motion law of the crucial structure of human phonoreception mechanism. However, with the further development of research, many scientists have discovered that the travelling wave vibration unable to explain many experimental observations and the low-frequency hearing of the cochlear. Because the cochlear is very small and complex, vibration data of the whole BM are not yet available from existing experiments, and low-frequency vibration data are absent from von Bekesy's and other experiments. To address this question, this work technically adopts the transformation tensor mapping relation to establish a theoretical analytical model of the Spiral cochlear based on the theory of physics and biology, combined with medical and modern light source imaging experimental data. In addition, a numerical model of a real human ear is also established. By performing numerous calculations, the results reproduce the known travelling wave vibration of BM. Meanwhile, an exciting finding that revealing a new standing wave vibration mode at low frequencies is obtained. More importantly, this newly discovered model intrinsically explain many experimental observations that cannot be explained by travelling wave theory, which solves a long standing various queries to travelling wave vibration among researchers. These results not only complement low-frequency vibration data that are inaccessible through experiments but also reveal a new hearing mechanism.Comment: 7 pages, 11 figure

Topics: Physics - Biological Physics
Year: 2018
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1805.10443

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