Single Phase Variable Sampling Phase Locked Loop using Composite Observer


An observer based variable sampling period phase locked loop is introduced for grid connected systems. The composite observer acts as an efficient estimator of the fundamental components from a periodic input signal rich in DC and harmonics. The observer gains are designed using pole placement technique, which inherently ensures the stability of this estimator.  Even under drift frequency, a constant number of samples (512) per cycle are maintained with the help of the numerically controlled oscillator. This makes the oscillator gain elements in the observer a constant and eliminates the trigonometric computation. This phase locked loop is found to be working in a wide range of frequency 40 – 70Hz. The performance of the proposed scheme is studied with a synthetic harmonic rich signal as well as validated by implementing the PLL in Cyclone IV FPGA with a real time grid voltage

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This paper was published in IAES journal.

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