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Evaluating the efficacy of the "support for life" program for people with dementia and their families and carers' to enable them to live well: a protocol for a cluster stepped wedge randomized controlled trial

By Dianne Goeman, Tracy Comans, Joanne C. Enticott, Emma Renehan, Elizabeth Beattie, Susan Kurrle and Susan Koch


Introduction: Assistance provided to support people living with dementia and carers is highly valued by them. However, current support systems in Australia are disjointed, inaccessible to all, poorly coordinated, and focus on dysfunction rather than ability. Support workers for people with dementia are in short supply, and there is little consistency in their roles. To address this large service gap and unmet need, we have developed an evidence-based optimized model of holistic support for people with dementia and their carers and families. This article describes the "Support for Life" model intervention. Methods: A stepped wedge cluster randomized controlled trial will be conducted over 3 years across three Australian states. One hundred participants with dementia and/or their carers/family members will be randomly selected from community health center client lists in each state to receive either the dementia "Support for Life" intervention (Group A) or routine care (Group B). Group A participants will have access to the intervention from year 1. Group B participants will continue to receive usual care and will not be denied information on dementia or dementia services in year 1. In year 2, Group B participants will have access to the intervention. A highly trained expert dementia support worker will provide the "Support for Life" intervention, which is a flexible, individually tailored, holistic support that is relationship-centered, focused on enablement as opposed to dysfunction, and facilitate participants' continued engagement in their community and the workforce. Additionally, dementia education, information resources, advocacy, and practical support to navigate and access dementia services and health care will be provided. The mode of support will include face to face, telephone, and internet interaction on an "as needed basis" for 12 months. The primary hypothesis is that the intervention will improve the quality of life of people with dementia and the health and well-being of carers/family through facilitating the continuation and enhancement of regular daily activities. Secondary hypotheses will examine other health and service usage outcomes. The outputs will also include a health economic analysis to investigate the costs (and savings) of any associated reduction in unnecessary health services use and delay in accessing permanent residential aged care

Topics: Dementia, Carer support, Quality of life, Well-being, RCT, Protocol, Quality-of-Life, Scale, 2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Publisher: 'Frontiers Media SA'
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.3389/fpubh.2016.00245
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