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A novel surgical correction and innovative splint for swan neck deformity in hypermobility syndrome

By Karthik Vishwanathan and Deepak Ganjiwale

Abstract

Splinting is a great domain of occupational therapy profession. Making a splint for the patient would depend on the need or requirement of the problems and deformities. Swan neck deformity is an uncommon condition, and it can be seen in rheumatoid arthritis, cerebral palsy, and after trauma. Conservative treatment of the swan neck deformity is available by different static splints only. There are very few reports of surgical correction of swan-neck deformity in benign hypermobility syndrome. This case report describes the result of novel surgical intervention and an innovative hand splint in a 20-year-old female with a history of cardiovascular stroke with no residual neurological deficit. She presented with correctable swan neck deformity and failed to improve with static ring splints to correct the deformity. She underwent volar plate plication of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the left ring finger along with hemitenodesis of ulnar slip of flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) tendon whereby, the ulnar slip of FDS was passed through a small surgically created rent in A2 pulley and sutured back to itself. Postoperatively, the patient was referred to occupational therapy for splinting with the instruction that the splint would work sometimes for as static and some time as dynamic for positional and correction of the finger. After occupational therapy intervention and splinting, the patient had a full correction of the swan-neck deformity with near full flexion of the operated finger and can work independently

Topics: Deformity, finger, hypermobility, splint, swan neck, Medicine, R
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_14_17
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:f6b1f1c9bea549d69525d91b5ac37ef3
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