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Transplantation of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells attenuates pulmonary fibrosis of silicosis via anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptosis effects in rats

By Shangya Chen, Guanqun Cui, Cheng Peng, Martin F. Lavin, Xiaoying Sun, Enguo Zhang, Ye Yang, Yingjun Guan, Zhongjun Du and Hua Shao

Abstract

Background: Silicosis has been topping the list of high-incidence occupational diseases in developing countries and cannot be completely cured. Recent advances in stem cell research have made possible the treatment of various diseases including lung fibrosis. The application of stem cell therapy in occupational diseases, in particular the use of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs) in treatment of silicosis, has not yet been reported. The aim of the study is to explore the intervening effect of silica-induced lung fibrosis in rats. Methods: In this study, we investigated the anti-pulmonary fibrosis effects of the transplantation of AD-MSCs in rats in which lung fibrosis was induced by oral tracheal intubation with silica suspension. Twenty rats were divided into four groups: control group (n = 5), exposure group (n = 5), vehicle group (n = 5) and treatment group (n = 5). AD-MSCs were given to rats after exposure to silica for 24 h. Twenty-eight days after AD-MSC transplantation, we examined the organ coefficient, inflammatory cytokines, apoptosis, pathological and fibrotic changes in lung tissue. Results: Results showed that exposure to silica for 28 days induced an increase of the lung coefficient with significant pulmonary fibrosis. Treatment with AD-MSC transplantation led to a remissive effect on pulmonary fibrosis. We found that after AD-MSC transplantation the inflammatory response decreased and Caspase-3 protein expression significantly decreased with a significant increase of the Bcl-2/Bax ratio. Conclusions: Anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptosis of AD-MSCs may play important roles in their anti-pulmonary fibrosis effect. Our data suggest that transplantation of AD-MSCs holds promise for potential interference in the formation of silicosis through regulating inflammatory and apoptotic processes

Topics: Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells, Animal model, Cell therapy, Pulmonary fibrosis, Silicosis, Transplantation, 1301 Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous), 1307 Cell Biology, 1313 Molecular Medicine, 2701 Medicine (miscellaneous)
Publisher: 'Springer Science and Business Media LLC'
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.1186/s13287-018-0846-9
OAI identifier: oai:espace.library.uq.edu.au:UQ:728302
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