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Sustainable carbon dioxide photoreduction by a cooperative effect of reactor design and titania metal promotion

By Alberto Olivo, Elena Ghedini, Paolina Pascalicchio, Maela Manzoli, Giuseppe Cruciani and Michela Signoretto

Abstract

An effective process based on the photocatalytic reduction of CO2to face on the one hand, the crucial problem of environmental pollution, and, on the other hand, to propose an efficient way to product clean and sustainable energy sources has been developed in this work. Particular attention has been paid to the sustainability of the process by using a green reductant (water) and TiO2as a photocatalyst under very mild operative conditions (room temperature and atmospheric pressure). It was shown that the efficiency in carbon dioxide photoreduction is strictly related to the process parameters and to the catalyst features. In order to formulate a versatile and high performing catalyst, TiO2was modified by oxide or metal species. Copper (in the oxide CuO form) or gold (as nanoparticles) were employed as promoting metal. Both photocatalytic activity and selectivity displayed by CuO-TiO2and Au-TiO2were compared, and it was found that the nature of the promoter (either Au or CuO) shifts the selectivity of the process towards two strategic products: CH4or H2. The catalytic results were discussed in depth and correlated with the physicochemical features of the photocatalysts

Topics: CO2adsorption, CO2photoreduction, CuO and Au promotion, Reactor design, Titanium dioxide, Catalysis, Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.3390/catal8010041
OAI identifier: oai:iris.unife.it:11392/2383934
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