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Les technologies de l'information à l'épreuve du développement durable

By Fabrice Flipo, François Deltour and Michelle Dobré

Abstract

International audienceThe words "green ICTs" (information and communication technologies), "green IT" or "eco-ICTs" have spread in recent years either asserting the ecological potential of digital technologies or, on the contrary, underlining the progress needed in this field. Our paper raises the issue of ICT production and use, showing how they help to steer human societies towards more ecological ways, or on the other hand how they generate pollutions and "rebound effects", which might more than cancel expected benefits. What stakes are currently involved in these terms? By crossing the contributions of several disciplines, the paper highlights a trend shared by many stakeholders who believe that the problem can be solved through technical advances and thus can be dropped out of their agendas.Tout devient " smart ", c'est-à-dire, implicitement, connecté et cela est sensé nous rendre la vie plus facile et contribuer à protéger la planète des nuisances des systèmes de communication habituels en économisant des déplacements, tous générateurs de pollutions innombrables et mal connues... Cet article, issu d'un projet de recherche, nous invite à lever le voile sur ces innovations techniques dont le but premier n'est pas de répondre à des enjeux environnementaux. Une analyse critique nécessaire qui a notamment débouché sur un rapport publié en novembre 2012 aux Presses des Mines

Topics: Technologies, Sustainable development, Interdisciplinarity, Information and communication technologies, Développement durable, Interdisciplinarité, Technologie de l'information et de la communication, [ SHS.PHIL ] Humanities and Social Sciences/Philosophy, [ SHS.SOCIO ] Humanities and Social Sciences/Sociology, [ SDE.ES ] Environmental Sciences/Environmental and Society
Publisher: EDP Sciences
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1051/nss
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-01443660v1
Provided by: Hal-Diderot
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