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Locally constrained graph homomorphisms and equitable partitions. \ud

By J. Fiala, Daniel Paulusma and J.A. Telle

Abstract

We explore the connection between locally constrained graph homomorphisms and degree matrices arising from an equitable partition of a graph. We provide several equivalent characterizations of degree matrices. As a consequence we can efficiently check whether a given matrix M is a degree matrix of some graph and also compute the size of a smallest graph for which it is a degree matrix in polynomial time. We extend the well-known connection between degree refinement matrices of graphs and locally bijective graph homomorphisms to locally injective and locally surjective homomorphisms by showing that these latter types of homomorphisms also impose a quasiorder on degree matrices and a partial order on degree refinement matrices. Computing the degree refinement matrix of a graph is easy, and an algorithm deciding the comparability of two matrices in one of these partial orders could be used as a heuristic for deciding whether a graph G allows a homomorphism of the given type to H. For local surjectivity and injectivity we show that the problem of matrix comparability belongs to the complexity class NP.\ud \u

Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2008
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.ejc.2007.11.006
OAI identifier: oai:dro.dur.ac.uk.OAI2:7423
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