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Notes for genera: Ascomycota

By Nalin N. Wijayawardene, Kevin D. Hyde, Kunhiraman C. Rajeshkumar, David L. Hawksworth, Hugo Madrid, Paul M. Kirk, Uwe Braun, Rajshree V. Singh, Pedro W. Crous, Martin Kukwa, Robert Lücking, Cletus P. Kurtzman, Andrey Yurkov, Danny Haelewaters, André Aptroot, H. Thorsten Lumbsch, Einar Timdal, Damien Ertz, Javier Etayo, Alan J. L. Phillips, Johannes Z. Groenewald, Moslem Papizadeh, Laura Selbmann, Monika C. Dayarathne, Gothamie Weerakoon, E. B. Gareth Jones, Satinee Suetrong, Qing Tian, Rafael F. Castañeda-Ruiz, Ali H. Bahkali, Ka-Lai Pang, Kazuaki Tanaka, Dong-Qin Dai, Jariya Sakayaroj, Martina Hujslová, Lorenzo Lombard, Belle D. Shenoy, Ave Suija, Sajeewa S. N. Maharachchikumbura, Kasun M. Thambugala, Dhanushka N. Wanasinghe, Bharati O. Sharma, Subhash Gaikwad, Gargee Pandit, Laura Zucconi, Silvano Onofri, Eleonora Egidi, Huzefa A. Raja, Rampai Kodsueb, Marcela E. S. Cáceres, Sergio Pérez-Ortega, Patrícia O. Fiuza, Josiane Santana Monteiro, Larissa N. Vasilyeva, Roger G. Shivas, Maria Prieto, Mats Wedin, Ibai Olariaga, Adebola Azeez Lateef, Yamini Agrawal, Seyed Abolhassan Shahzadeh Fazeli, Mohammad Ali Amoozegar, Guo Zhu Zhao, Walter P. Pfliegler, Gunjan Sharma, Magdalena Oset, Mohamed A. Abdel-Wahab, Susumu Takamatsu, Konstanze Bensch, Nimali Indeewari de Silva, André De Kesel, Anuruddha Karunarathna, Saranyaphat Boonmee, Donald H. Pfister, Yong-Zhong Lu, Zong-Long Luo, Nattawut Boonyuen, Dinushani A. Daranagama, Indunil C. Senanayake, Subashini C. Jayasiri, Milan C. Samarakoon, Xiang-Yu Zeng, Mingkwan Doilom, Luis Quijada, Sillma Rampadarath, Gabriela Heredia, Asha J. Dissanayake, Ruvishika S. Jayawardana, Rekhani H. Perera, Li Zhou Tang, Chayanard Phukhamsakda, Margarita Hernández-Restrepo, Xiaoya Ma, Saowaluck Tibpromma, Luis F. P. Gusmao, Darshani Weerahewa and Samantha C. Karunarathna

Abstract

Knowledge of the relationships and thus the classification of fungi, has developed rapidly with increasingly widespread use of molecular techniques, over the past 10--15 years, and continues to accelerate. Several genera have been found to be polyphyletic, and their generic concepts have subsequently been emended. New names have thus been introduced for species which are phylogenetically distinct from the type species of particular genera. The ending of the separate naming of morphs of the same species in 2011, has also caused changes in fungal generic names. In order to facilitate access to all important changes, it was desirable to compile these in a single document. The present article provides a list of generic names of Ascomycota (approximately 6500 accepted names published to the end of 2016), including those which are lichen-forming. Notes and summaries of the changes since the last edition of `Ainsworth Bisby's Dictionary of the Fungi' in 2008 are provided. The notes include the number of accepted species, classification, type species (with location of the type material), culture availability, life-styles, distribution, and selected publications that have appeared since 2008. This work is intended to provide the foundation for updating the ascomycete component of the ``Without prejudice list of generic names of Fungi'' published in 2013, which will be developed into a list of protected generic names. This will be subjected to the XIXth International Botanical Congress in Shenzhen in July 2017 agreeing to a modification in the rules relating to protected lists, and scrutiny by procedures determined by the Nomenclature Committee for Fungi (NCF). The previously invalidly published generic names Barriopsis, Collophora (as Collophorina), Cryomyces, Dematiopleospora, Heterospora (as Heterosporicola), Lithophila, Palmomyces (as Palmaria) and Saxomyces are validated, as are two previously invalid family names, Bartaliniaceae and Wiesneriomycetaceae. Four species of Lalaria, which were invalidly published are transferred to Taphrina and validated as new combinations. Catenomycopsis Tibell Constant. is reduced under Chaenothecopsis Vain., while Dichomera Cooke is reduced under Botryosphaeria Ces. De Not. (Art. 59)

Topics: Article 59, Classification, One name, Pleomorphic fungi, Taxonomy
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.1007/s13225-017-0386-0
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Provided by: NARCIS
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