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The interaction of patience and resistance to miserly information processing on life outcomes

By Tristan Kirkman

Abstract

This study examined the relationships between three factors: patience, resistance to miserly information processing (RMIP), and life outcomes. Patience, or the ability to delay gratification in exchange for a larger reward, has been associated with having fewer negative life outcomes— those who are able to wait tend to have better lives. RMIP involves the tendency to think analytically instead of using heuristics (mental shortcuts). RMIP has had only limited study in terms of its relationship to actual life outcomes, but what has been examined so far has also suggested a positive relationship. In the present study, it was found that RMIP predicted general life outcomes, such that those with higher RMIP had fewer negative life outcomes above and beyond covarying factors, and the theoretical implications of RMIP as an area of study are discussed. Patience, as measured by a temporal discounting task, was not associated with life outcomes, and was not associated with RMIP. The researchers hypothesize that temporal discounting tasks may fail to adequately represent patience as a whole

Topics: patience, delay discounting, heuristics and biases, dual process theory, outcomes, Cognitive Psychology
Publisher: JMU Scholarly Commons
Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:commons.lib.jmu.edu:master201019-1004

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