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Resolving the aphid resistance locus Sd-1 on a BAC contig within a sub-telomeric region of Malus linkage group 7

By V Cevik and Graham J King


Aphids cause serious physical and economic damage to most major crops throughout the world, and there is a pressing requirement to isolate genes conferring aphid resistance. The Sd-1 locus in Malus spp. (apple) confers resistance against the rosy leaf-curling aphid (Dysaphis devecta Wlk.), and was recently positioned within a 1.3-cM region on linkage group 7, flanked by molecular markers. These markers were used as a basis for development of a BAC contig spanning the locus, together with adapter-mediated amplification of flanking sequences to obtain BAC insert-end sequences, and fingerprinting of BAC clones. Approximately 800 kb of the Sd-1 genomic region was covered by 19 overlapping BACs, with an average insert size of 75–150 kb. The physical – genetic distance ratio was estimated at 460 kb/cM, although the distribution of recombination events was irregular with respect to estimated physical distance. Recombinant analysis and development of new markers allowed Sd-1 to be positioned within an interval of approximately 180 kb located on either of two overlapping BACs. From one of these, an insert end sequence showed a significant degree of similarity to nucleotide binding site – leucine rich repeat (NBS–LRR) resistance genes. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) of BAC clones within the contig enabled positioning and orientation of the locus within a euchromatic region, very close to the telomere of linkage group 7.Key words: aphid, resistance gene, apple, Malus, physical map

Topics: Plant Sciences
Publisher: ePublications@SCU
Year: 2002
DOI identifier: 10.1139/g02-067
OAI identifier:
Provided by: ePublications@SCU
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