Aphids cause serious physical and economic damage to most major crops throughout the world, and there is a pressing requirement to isolate genes conferring aphid resistance. The Sd-1 locus in Malus spp. (apple) confers resistance against the rosy leaf-curling aphid (Dysaphis devecta Wlk.), and was recently positioned within a 1.3-cM region on linkage group 7, flanked by molecular markers. These markers were used as a basis for development of a BAC contig spanning the locus, together with adapter-mediated amplification of flanking sequences to obtain BAC insert-end sequences, and fingerprinting of BAC clones. Approximately 800 kb of the Sd-1 genomic region was covered by 19 overlapping BACs, with an average insert size of 75150 kb. The physical genetic distance ratio was estimated at 460 kb/cM, although the distribution of recombination events was irregular with respect to estimated physical distance. Recombinant analysis and development of new markers allowed Sd-1 to be positioned within an interval of approximately 180 kb located on either of two overlapping BACs. From one of these, an insert end sequence showed a significant degree of similarity to nucleotide binding site leucine rich repeat (NBSLRR) resistance genes. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) of BAC clones within the contig enabled positioning and orientation of the locus within a euchromatic region, very close to the telomere of linkage group 7.Key words: aphid, resistance gene, apple, Malus, physical map
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