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Is charisma hyper-romanticism ? empirical evidence from new data and a meta-analysis.

By B. Schyns, J. Felfe and H. Blank

Abstract

In prior research, mixed results were obtained with respect to the relationship between Romance of Leadership and the perception of transformational leadership. In this paper, we first present new studies originating from different contexts (students and employees) and different countries and, second, we meta-analyse these studies together with prior studies in order to shed light on the relationship between Romance of Leadership and the perception of transformational leadership. In the meta-analysis, we considered the following moderators: field/employees vs. experimental/student samples, geographical region, and type of assessment of transformational leadership. The results indicate a positive relationship between Romance of Leadership and the perception of transformational leadership. Only the moderating effect of region of origin was significant. In line with social constructivism and information processing approaches of leadership, our results indicate that the perception of leadership comprises more than merely the actual behaviour the leader exhibits.\ud \ud Des résultats contradictoires ont été obtenus dans le passé en ce qui concerne la relation entre la Romance du Leadership et la perception du leadership transformationnel. Dans cet article, nous présentons d’abord de nouvelles recherches portant sur des populations différentes (des étudiants ou des salariés) provenant de plusieurs pays, puis dans un second temps nous effectuons une méta-analyse regroupant ces travaux et des études antérieures afin d’y voir plus clair dans la relation entre la Romance du Leadership et la perception du leadership transformationnel. On a, dans la méta-analyse, pris en considération les variables régulatrices suivantes: l’origine géographique des échantillons d’étudiants (travaux expérimentaux) ou de salariés (enquêtes sur le terrain) et le type d’évaluation du leadership transformationnel. Les résultats vont dans le sens d’une relation positive entre la Romance du Leadership et la perception du leadership transformationnel. Il n’y a que la région d’origine qui présente un effet régulateur significatif. Dans la continuité du constructivisme social et des travaux concevant le leadership comme un traitement de l’information, nos résultats indiquent que la perception du leadership dépasse le comportement observable du leader.\u

Publisher: Blackwell
Year: 2007
DOI identifier: 10.1111/j.1464-0597.2007.00302.x
OAI identifier: oai:dro.dur.ac.uk.OAI2:7816
Journal:

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