Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Comparing antecedents and consequences of Leader-Member Exchange in a German working context to findings in the US.

By B. Schyns, T. Paul, G. Mohr and H. Blank


This article gives an overview of several studies focusing on antecedents and consequences of leader - member exchange (LMX) in a German working context and compares these results to results from prior studies in the US. The German results indicate that relationship tenure is not related to LMX. However, span of supervision is shown to be relevant in the followers' evaluation of LMX. With respect to the consequences of LMX, results indicate that delegation as well as commitment and occupational self-efficacy are positively related to LMX. Some of the results differ from US results, namely, antecedents are related to LMX to a lower degree in Germany and consequences to a higher degree. Based on these results, future research should take into account the country in which the LMX data is collected in order to be able to make more precise statements about the respective relationships

Publisher: Psychology Press
Year: 2005
DOI identifier: 10.1080/13594320444000191
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (2002). A comparative analysis of the management & leadership competency profiles reported by German, US and Australian managers.
  2. (1993). A longitudinal study on the early development of leader-member exchanges.
  3. (1991). A three component conceptualization of organizational commitment.
  4. (1975). A vertical dyad linkage approach to leadership within formal organizations. A longitudinal investigation of the role making process. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, doi
  5. (1999). Antecedents and consequences of organizational commitment: A comparison of two scales.
  6. (1996). Cultural constrains in management theories. In:
  7. (2004). Cultures, leadership, and organizations: A 62 nation GLOBE study. Thousand Oaks,
  8. (1996). Demographic and organizational influences on leader-member exchange and related work attitudes. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes,
  9. (1995). Development of leader-member exchange (LMX) theory of leadership over 25 years : Applying a multi-level multi-domain perspective.
  10. (1996). Development of leader-member exchange: A longitudinal test. doi
  11. (1992). Examining the link between leadermember exchange and subordinate performance: The role of task analyzability and variety as moderators. doi
  12. (2003). Interpersonal workplace theory at the crossroads: LMX and transformational theory as special case of role making in work organizations.
  13. (2001). Leader-member exchange and its dimensions: Effects of self-effort and other's effort on relationship quality.
  14. (1997). Leader-member exchange theory: The past and potential for the future. In
  15. (2004). Leadership and cultural variation: The identification of culturally endorsed leadership profiles. In
  16. (1995). Leadership: The multiplelevel approaches. doi
  17. (1997). Meta-analytic review of leader-member-exchange theory: Correlates and construct issues. doi
  18. (1998). Perceptions of politics: Does measuring different foci matter?
  19. (2001). Project GLOBE: An introduction.
  20. (1982). Role of leadership in the employee withdrawal process.
  21. (2002). Solidarity of temporary employees: The effects of temporal and network embeddedness on junior researchers.
  22. (1985). Statistical methods for meta-analysis.
  23. (1982). Studying intergroup relations embedded in organizations. doi
  24. (2002). The Anglo cluster: Legacy of the British empire. doi
  25. The Business Network (2002). What goals do business leaders persue? A study in fifteen countries.
  26. (1999). The effects of leader and subordinate characteristics in the development of leader-member exchange quality.
  27. (1982). The effects of leader-member exchange and job design on productivity and satisfaction: Testing a dual attachment model. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance Decision,
  28. (1994). The handbook of research synthesis. doi
  29. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization. doi
  30. (1979). The measurement of organizational commitment.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.