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Inoculation and infection of bovine calves by rescued FMDV (O/ISL/PAK/L1573/2009).

By Graham J. Belsham (116715), Syed M. Jamal (356863), Kirsten Tjørnehøj (356864) and Anette Bøtner (72594)

Abstract

<p>Calves 2C1 and 2C5 were inoculated into the tongue with the rescued virus (10<sup>7</sup> TCID<sub>50</sub>) and housed in contact with 4 control animals (in 2 separate pens containing calves 2C1-2C3 and 2C4- 2C6 respectively). The calves were monitored for clinical signs (including temperature (mean values for the animals in each group are shown, panel A) and the presence of lesions in the mouth and on the feet). Note, on days 9 and 10 the inoculated calves were seen to be suffering from a secondary bacterial infection which presumably accounted for the second temperature peak. Oral fluid was collected as swab samples and blood samples were obtained and the serum was assayed for the presence of anti-O FMDV antibodies in a screening assay using a single dilution of serum (1∶10) (panel B). Positive samples (blocking >50%, which is the diagnostic cut off point and indicated by a horizontal line) were titrated (see <a href="http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0014621#pone-0014621-t005" target="_blank">Table 5</a>). Note, calf 2C6 was euthanized at 4 dpi due to the severity of the clinical symptoms observed. The presence of FMDV RNA in serum samples was also determined by real-time PCR and expressed as the number of RNA copies/µl serum (panel C) and the presence of FMDV RNA in mouth swab samples (mean of the values determined for each group) is shown in panel D as in <a href="http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0014621#pone-0014621-g004" target="_blank">Figure 4</a>.</p

Topics: Infectious Diseases, Virology, bovine, calves, rescued, fmdv
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.1371/journal.pone.0014621.g005
OAI identifier: oai:figshare.com:article/473230
Provided by: FigShare
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