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Power and the suppression of unwanted thoughts: Does control over others decrease control over the self?

By Ana Guinote

Abstract

Suppressing unwanted thoughts increases the accessibility of these thoughts after suppression is released. Two studies test the hypothesis that the magnitude of post-suppressional rebound is moderated by power. Study I measured participants' thoughts about a white bear under suppression and expression instructions, following Wegner, Schneider, Carter, and White (1987). Study 2 measured stereotype accessibility after a task that required participants to describe one day in the life of an African-American under suppression or no-suppression instructions. Consistently across the two studies, powerful participants showed stronger post-suppressional rebound relative to powerless participants. The consequences of these findings for decision making and stereotyping are discussed. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved

Topics: BF
Year: 2007
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.jesp.2006.03.003
OAI identifier: oai:kar.kent.ac.uk:1433
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