This study examines the differences in work orientations among seven countries: Great Britain, the U.S., Sweden, Norway, Germany, Japan, and South Korea. To analyze the differences across the countries, the production regime perspective is used as conceptual framework. We classify seven countries into three production regimes: the liberal market regime, the coordinated regime, and the group coordinated regime. Utilizing the International Social Survey Program (ISSP 2005) and other data, we examine the differences in institutional arrangements found among different types of production regimes and how they affect employment commitment and organizational commitment among the working populations of seven countries. Our analyses demonstrate that workers’ attitudes toward work are different amongst different production regimes. The level of employment commitment is highest in the coordinated regime, followed by the liberal market regime, and the group-coordinated regime. However, the patterns in organizational commitment across countries and among production regimes are quite different. The level of organizational commitment is highest in the liberal market regime, followed by the group-coordinated regime, and the coordinated regime. The findings in this paper demonstrate that individual attitudes and behaviors towards work vary along social structural contexts and are the result of a complex system encompassing individuals, organizations, and society as a whole. The implications from the main findings and limitations of our research are discussed.This work was supported by the research fund of Hanyang University (HY-2009-N). We thank Joon Nak Choi and J. Kenneth Benson for their helpful comments and suggestions on earlier drafts of this paper
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