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A planar dielectric antenna for directional single-photon emission and near-unity collection efficiency

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Abstract

Single emitters have been considered as sources of single photons in various contexts, including cryptography, quantum computation, spectroscopy and metrology(1-3). The success of these applications will crucially rely on the efficient directional emission of photons into well-defined modes. To accomplish high efficiency, researchers have investigated microcavities at cryogenic temperatures(4,5), photonic nanowires(6,7) and near-field coupling to metallic nano-antennas(8-10). However, despite impressive progress, the existing realizations substantially fall short of unity collection efficiency. Here, we report on a theoretical and experimental study of a dielectric planar antenna, which uses a layered structure to tailor the angular emission of a single oriented molecule. We demonstrate a collection efficiency of 96% using a microscope objective at room temperature and obtain record detection rates of similar to 50 MHz. Our scheme is wavelength-insensitive and can be readily extended to other solid-state emitters such as colour centres(11,12) and semiconductor quantum dots(13,14).The authors acknowledge financial support from the Swiss National Foundation (SNF) and ETH Zurich (QSIT). Thanks also go to M. Agio and G. Zumofen for helpful discussions and E. Ikonen for fruitful exchange regarding the potential of single-photon sources for metrology

Topics: LIGHT-EMISSION, QUANTUM-DOT, ROOM-TEMPERATURE, THIN-FILM, FLUORESCENCE, NANOWIRE, DIPOLES
Publisher: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, MACMILLAN BUILDING, 4 CRINAN ST, LONDON N1 9XW, ENGLAND
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1038/NPHOTON.2010.312
OAI identifier: oai:repository.hanyang.ac.kr:20.500.11754/35605
Provided by: HANYANG Repository
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