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Properties of nanostructured undoped ZrO2 thin film electrolytes by plasma enhanced atomic layer deposition for thin film solid oxide fuel cells

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Abstract

Nanostructured ZrO2 thin films were prepared by thermal atomic layer deposition (ALD) and by plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD). The effects of the deposition conditions of temperature, reactant, plasma power, and duration upon the physical and chemical properties of ZrO2 films were investigated. The ZrO2 films by PEALD were polycrystalline and had low contamination, rough surfaces, and relatively large grains. Increasing the plasma power and duration led to a clear polycrystalline structure with relatively large grains due to the additional energy imparted by the plasma. After characterization, the films were incorporated as electrolytes in thin film solid oxide fuel cells, and the performance was measured at 500 degrees C. Despite similar structure and cathode morphology of the cells studied, the thin film solid oxide fuel cell with the ZrO2 thin film electrolyte by the thermal ALD at 250 degrees C exhibited the highest power density (38 mW/cm(2)) because of the lowest average grain size at cathode/electrolyte interface. (C) 2015 American Vacuum Society.This work was supported by the Global Frontier R&D Program of the Center for Multiscale Energy System, funded by the National Research Foundation under the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology of Korea (2011-0031569). BK21 Plus is also acknowledged for their partial support

Topics: YTTRIA-STABILIZED ZIRCONIA, CATHODE, FABRICATION, MEMBRANES, PERFORMANCE, EXCHANGE, SIZE, SOFC
Publisher: A V S AMER INST PHYSICS
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1116/1.4938105
OAI identifier: oai:repository.hanyang.ac.kr:20.500.11754/30532
Provided by: HANYANG Repository
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