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Dependence of Melt Behavior of Star Polystyrene/POSS Composites on the Molecular Weight of Arm Chains

By Haiying Tan, Jun Zheng, Donghua Xu, Dong Wan, Jian Qiu and Tao Tang

Abstract

Rheological behavior of three-arm and six-arm star polystyrene (SPS) with a small amount of polyhedral oligosilsesquioxane (POSS) was studied. Both linear oscillatory frequency sweep and steady state shear results of SPS/POSS composites showed the reduction of melt viscosity in the unentangled SPS matrix and the increase of viscosity in the entangled SPS matrix. In particular, when molecular weight of the arm (M-a) of SPS was smaller than the critical molecular weight for entanglement (Me) of PS, the melt viscosity of SPS/POSS composites with low content of POSS was lower than that of pure SPS. The abnormal phenomenon of reduced melt viscosity in SPS/POSS composites was in coincidence with the melt viscosity behavior of SPS/C-60 composites reported in our previous work (Soft Matter 2013, 9, 6282-6290), although the diameters of two nanoparticles and their interaction with SPS matrix were different. A possible mechanism behind the melt viscosity behavior was discussed. Furthermore, the time-temperature superposition principle (TTS) was applied in SPS and SPS/POSS composites. The Cox Merz empirical relationship was verified to be valid for SPS/POSS composites when the content of PUSS was low (1 wt %)

Topics: POLYHEDRAL OLIGOMERIC SILSESQUIOXANES, POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, POLY(DIMETHYLSILOXANE)-POLYSILICATE NANOCOMPOSITES, RHEOLOGICAL BEHAVIOR, POSS NANOCOMPOSITES, AQUEOUS DISPERSIONS, PHASE-SEPARATION, COPOLYMERS, VISCOSITY
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1021/jp502946d
OAI identifier: oai:ir.ciac.jl.cn:322003/57352

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