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The role of contextual constraints and chronic expectancies on behavior categorizations and dispositional inferences

By Gifford Weary, Darcy A. Reich and Stephanie J. Tobin

Abstract

The authors examined the roles of chronic expectancies and other contextual information in the dispositional inference process within the domain of ability judgments. Prior to viewing a videotaped performance under either cognitive load or no load, participants in Studies 1 and 2 were given additional information designed to constrain their categorizations of the performance. In Study 2, chronic future-event expectancies also were assessed. Analyses revealed that when under cognitive load, participants\u27 ability inferences were assimilated to the constraint information (Studies 1 and 2) and to chronic expectancies (Study 2). Furthermore, Study 2 analyses revealed that these effects were mediated by participants\u27 behavior categorizations. Evidence suggestive of a proceduralized form of correction for task difficulty (Studies 1 and 2) and an effortful, awareness-based correction for the constraint information and for chronic expectancies also was found. Results are examined in light of recent models of the dispositional inference process

Publisher: Sage Publications
Year: 2001
DOI identifier: 10.1177/0146167201271006
OAI identifier: oai:espace.library.uq.edu.au:UQ:240878

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