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Molecular and Phenotypic Characterization of Metschnikowia pulcherrima Strains from Douro Wine Region

By Catarina Barbosa, Patrícia Lage, Marcos Esteves, Lélia Chambel, Arlete Mendes-Faia and Ana Mendes-Ferreira

Abstract

Some non-Saccharomyces yeasts, including Metschnikowia pulcherrima, have been proposed as selected starters due to their contribution for the overall aroma and chemical profiles of wines. In this work, we aimed to evaluate the genetic and phenotypic diversity of Metschnikowia pulcherrima strains isolated from different locations of Douro Wine Region, and to explore their potential as co-adjuncts of S. cerevisiae in alcoholic fermentation. For that purpose, a set of 64 M. pulcherrima isolates were used. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) fingerprinting with M13 primers demonstrated to be an efficient tool in intraspecific discrimination of M. pulcherrima strains. No significant associations were found between genotypic profiles and either geographical origin or winery. The isolates were screened for their stress resistance ability (ethanol, SO2, chitosan, copper, H2O2, and Grape Juice Medium), aroma-related activities (resistance to 5, 5′, 5′′-trifluor-d, l-leucine and cerulenin and β-glycosidase, β-lyase and sulfite-reductase activities) as well as other relevant technological proprieties (protease activity and biogenic amines production). M. pulcherrima response to the different enological traits evaluated was greatly strain-dependent. The most discriminant features were the ability of the strains to grow in Grape-Juice Medium (GJM) and sulfite-reductase, and their β-lyase and protease activities. The enological potential of a selected M. pulcherrima strain in mixed-culture with S. cerevisiae was also assessed in natural grape-juice of a local variety, under two nitrogen regimes. M. pulcherrima proved to be promising for future industrial application as a co-starter, lowering ethanol, acetic acid and, reported here for the first time, lowering hydrogen sulfide levels in the wines

Topics: Metschnikowia pulcherrima, wine, stress tolerance, enzymatic activities, mixed-culture, hydrogen sulfide, yeast assimilable nitrogen, Fermentation industries. Beverages. Alcohol, TP500-660
Publisher: MDPI AG
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.3390/fermentation4010008
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:5f545face62a46fb92ed55e48ab97803
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