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Effects of Climate Change on Grassland Biodiversity and Productivity: The Need for a Diversity of Models

By Marcel van Oijen, Gianni Bellocchi and Mats Höglind


There is increasing evidence that the impact of climate change on the productivity of grasslands will at least partly depend on their biodiversity. A high level of biodiversity may confer stability to grassland ecosystems against environmental change, but there are also direct effects of biodiversity on the quantity and quality of grassland productivity. To explain the manifold interactions, and to predict future climatic responses, models may be used. However, models designed for studying the interaction between biodiversity and productivity tend to be structurally different from models for studying the effects of climatic impacts. Here we review the literature on the impacts of climate change on biodiversity and productivity of grasslands. We first discuss the availability of data for model development. Then we analyse strengths and weaknesses of three types of model: ecological, process-based and integrated. We discuss the merits of this model diversity and the scope for merging different model types

Topics: data needs, empirical models, integrated models, process-based models, review, Agriculture, S
Publisher: MDPI AG
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.3390/agronomy8020014
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