Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Ammonia on Transition-Metal Surfaces: A First-Principles Study


We investigate the catalytic electro-oxidation of ammonia on model close-packed surfaces of Au, Ag, Cu, Pd, Pt, Ni, Ir, Co, Rh, Ru, Os, and Re to derive insights for the reaction mechanism and evaluate the catalysts based on their energy efficiency and activity in the context of their application in fuel cells. Two mechanisms, which are differentiated by their N–N bond formation step, are compared: (1) a mechanism proposed by Gerischer and Mauerer, whereby the N–N bond formation occurs between hydrogenated NH<sub><i>x</i></sub> adsorbed species, and (2) a mechanism in which N–N bond formation occurs between N adatoms. The results of our study show that the mechanism proposed by Gerischer and Mauerer is kinetically preferred and that the formation of N adatoms poisons the surface of the catalyst. On the basis of a simple Sabatier analysis, we predict that Pt is the most active monometallic catalyst followed by Ir and Cu, whereas all other metal surfaces studied here have significantly lower activity. We conclude by outlining some design principles for bimetallic alloy catalysts for NH<sub>3</sub> electro-oxidation

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oaioai:figshare.com:article/2153356Last time updated on 2/12/2018

This paper was published in FigShare.

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