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Remeasurement of <sup>234</sup>U Half-Life

By Zsolt Varga (1736851), Adrian Nicholl (1736857), Maria Wallenius (1736854) and Klaus Mayer (57567)


The half-life of <sup>234</sup>U has been measured using a novel approach. In this method, a uranium material was chemically purified from its thorium decay product at a well-known time. The ingrowth of the <sup>230</sup>Th daughter product in the material was followed by measuring the accumulated <sup>230</sup>Th daughter product relative to its parent <sup>234</sup>U nuclide using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Then, the <sup>234</sup>U decay constant and the respective half-life could be calculated using the radioactive decay equations based on the <i>n</i>(<sup>230</sup>Th)/<i>n</i>(<sup>234</sup>U) amount ratio. The obtained <sup>234</sup>U half-life is 244 900 ± 670 years (<i>k</i> = 1), which is in good agreement with the previously reported results in the literature with comparable uncertainty. The main advantages of the proposed method are that it does not require the assumption of secular equilibrium between <sup>234</sup>U and <sup>238</sup>U. Moreover, the calculation is independent from the <sup>238</sup>U half-life value and its uncertainty. The suggested methodology can also be applied for the remeasurement of the half-lives of several other long-lived radionuclides

Topics: Biophysics, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Cell Biology, Pharmacology, Biotechnology, Mathematical Sciences not elsewhere classified, Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified, 234 U, 230 Th daughter product, uncertainty, method, thorium decay product, material, 234 U decay, parent 234 U nuclide, plasma mass spectrometry
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1021/acs.analchem.5b04370.s001
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Provided by: FigShare
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