Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Cost-effective systems for seedling production and tree farm establishment

By Eduardo O. Mangaoang, Edwin D. Cedamon and Arturo E. Pasa


Experiences from the ACIAR Smallholder Forestry Project reveal that production and use of high quality seedlings is a critical consideration for successful tree farming and reforestation activity, considering that most reforestation activities have been largely dependent on nursery-produced seedlings. While the use of polyethylene bags has been the traditional technique in raising seedlings, the planting stock produced often have a deformed or J-shape taproot and may develop to mature trees with poor anchorage in the field. The research project introduced the use of hiko tray as potting containers in seedling production as a way of resolving the problem of J-rooting and producing higher quality seedlings. A economic analysis was conducted to determine the comparative advantage and feasibility of the polybag and hiko tray techniques, with a view of promoting the adoption of the hiko technique among tree farmers, especially the smallholders. Results of the study revealed that the hiko tray technique is superior to the traditional polybag technique in terms of labour efficiency and cost in the nursery and field establishment, aside from the fact that higher quality seedlings are produced which provide the tree farmer with a higher level of assurance of timber harvest and cash income from forestry

Topics: Smallholder Forestry Project, seedlings, tree planting, reforestation, propagation, 300600 Forestry Sciences, 300604 Management and Environment, 300606 Agroforestry
Publisher: The University of Queensland
Year: 2005
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.