The conventional self-mixing sensing systems employ a detection scheme utilizing the photocurrent from an integrated photodiode. This work reports on an alternative way of implementing a Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser (VCSEL) based self-mixing sensor using the laser junction voltage as the source of the self-mixing signal. We show that the same information can be obtained with only minor changes to the extraction circuitry leading to potential cost saving with reductions in component costs and complexity. The theoretical linkage between voltage and photocurrent within the self-mixing model is presented. Experiments using both photo current and voltage detection were carried out and the results obtained show good agreement with the theory. Similar error trends for both detection regimes were observed
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