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Referral trends in mental health services for adults with intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorders \ud \ud

By Elias Tsakanikos

Abstract

ABSTRACT Researchers have paid increasing attention to mental \ud health issues in adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) over the \ud last decades. However, little is known about how rates of clinical \ud referrals,types of mental health diagnoses and treatment in adults with \ud ASDs and intellectual disability have changed. We examined patterns \ud of change in referral trends to specialist mental health services in south \ud London from 1983 to 2000 (N= 137). The majority of the cases \ud (58.4%) did not have a diagnosable psychiatric disorder. Schizo- \ud phrenia was the most frequent psychiatric diagnosis followed by \ud depression, adjustment reaction and anxiety. There was a significant \ud change in the rate of referrals,an increase in the diagnosable psychi- \ud atric disorders over time and a significant reduction of medication at \ud time of referral. There were no significant changes in the use of other \ud therapeutic interventions. The proportion of participants living inde- \ud pendently increased. Implications for services and future research are \ud discussed. \ud \u

Topics: Clinical Psychology
Year: 2007
OAI identifier: oai:cogprints.org:7227
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