Location of Repository

The very same thing: Extending the object token concept to incorporate causal constraints on individual identity

By Chris Fields

Abstract

The contributions of feature recognition, object categorization, and recollection of episodic memories to the re-identification of a perceived object as the very same thing encountered in a previous perceptual episode are well understood in terms of both cognitive-behavioral phenomenology and neurofunctional implementation. Human beings do not, however, rely solely on features and context to re-identify individuals; in the presence of featural change and similarly-featured distractors, people routinely employ causal constraints to establish object identities. Based on available cognitive and neurofunctional data, the standard object-token based model of individual re-identification is extended to incorporate the construction of unobserved and hence fictive causal histories (FCHs) of observed objects by the pre-motor action planning system. Cognitive-behavioral and implementation-level predictions of this extended model and methods for testing them are outlined. It is suggested that functional deficits in the construction of FCHs are associated with clinical outcomes in both Autism Spectrum Disorders and later-stage stage Alzheimer's disease.\u

Topics: Cognitive Psychology, Neuropsychology
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:cogprints.org:7298
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://cogprints.org/7298/1/id... (external link)
  • http://cogprints.org/7298/ (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    Preview

    Citations

    1. (2005). (Eds) The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning (pp. 117-142). Cambridge:
    2. (2008). A predisposition for biological motion in the newborn baby.
    3. (2007). A study in the cognition of individuals' identity: Solving the problem of singular cognition in object and agent tracking. doi
    4. (2011). A taxonomy of external and internal attention. doi
    5. (2006). A temporal same-object advantage in the tunnel effect: Facilitated change detection for persisting objects.
    6. (2010). A unified framework for the functional organization of the medial temporal lobes and the phenomenology of episodic memory.
    7. (2010). Actions travel with their objects: Evidence for dynamic event files.
    8. (2006). Attentional modulation of cortical neuromagnetic gamma response to biological movement.
    9. (2005). Change blindness: Past, present and future.
    10. (2005). Change blindness: Theory and consequences.
    11. (2007). Conditions for young infants' failure to perceive trajectory continuity.
    12. (2007). Congruent activity during action and action observation in motor cortex. doi
    13. (2009). Current concepts in Alzheimer’s disease: A multidisciplinary review.
    14. (2008). Developing object concepts in infancy: An associative learning perspective.
    15. (2003). Electrophysiology and brain imaging of biological motion.
    16. (2004). Event files: Feature binding in and across perception and action.
    17. (2008). Evolutionary perspectives on religion.
    18. (2000). Exploring the natural foundations of religion.
    19. (1998). Failure to detect changes to people in a real-world interaction.
    20. (2007). Feature binding and affect: Emotional modulation of visuo-motor integration. doi
    21. (2007). Feature integration across perception and action: Event files affect response choice.
    22. (2010). Going beyond LTM in the MTL: A synthesis of neuropsychological and neuroimaging findings on the role of the medial temporal lobe in memory and perception.
    23. (2006). Human parietal cortex in action.
    24. (2007). Imaging recollection and familiarity in the medial temporal lobe: A three-component model.
    25. (2011). Implementation of structure-mapping inference by event-file binding and action planning: A model of tool-improvisation analogies.
    26. (1997). In the theater of consciousness: Global workspace theory, a rigorous scientific theory of consciousness.
    27. (2008). Innate ideas revisited: For a principle of persistence in infants' physical reasoning.
    28. (2010). Intuitions about personal identity: An empirical study.
    29. (2004). Literature review of spatiotemporal database models.
    30. (2004). Mechanisms of theory formation in young children.
    31. (2011). Motion as manipulation: Implementation of motion and force analogies by eventfile binding and action planning.
    32. (2004). Neural mechanisms for access to consciousness.
    33. (2009). Neural mechanisms of rapid natural scene categorization in human visual cortex.
    34. (2009). Object correspondence across brief occlusion is established on the basis of both spatiotemporal and surface feature cues.
    35. (2006). Object tokens, binding and visual
    36. (2009). Parallel processing strategies of the primate visual system.
    37. (2008). Parietal cortex and episodic memory: An attentional account. doi
    38. (2005). Parietal lobe contributions to episodic memory retrieval. doi
    39. (2007). Perception of human motion.
    40. (2000). Perceptual causality and animacy.
    41. (2009). Posterior parietal cortex and episodic encoding: Insights from fMRI, subsequent memory effects and dual-attention theory. doi
    42. (2007). Prediction of external events with our motor system: Towards a new framework.
    43. (2010). Prediction, cognition and the brain.
    44. (2008). Preschoolers' use of spatiotemporal history, appearance, and proper name in determining individual identity.
    45. (2009). Priming of object categorization within and across levels of specificity.
    46. (2006). Rapid development of feature binding in visual short-term memory.
    47. (2002). Reaction times and anticipatory skills of karate athletes.
    48. (2010). Recollection and familiarity: Examining controversial assumptions and new directions. doi
    49. (2004). Religion’s evolutionary landscape: Counterintuition, commitment, compassion, communion.
    50. (2010). Remembering perceptual features unequally bound in object and episodic tokens: Neural mechanisms and their electrophysiological correlates. doi
    51. (2008). Remembering what we did: How source misattributions arise from verbalization, mental imagery, and pictures.
    52. (2010). Single-neuron responses in humans during execution and observation of actions.
    53. (2009). Some surprising findings on the involvement of the parietal lobe in human memory.
    54. (2007). Sortal concepts, object individuation, and language. doi
    55. (2008). Spatiotemporal object continuity in human ventral visual cortex. doi
    56. (2009). Subjective versus documented reality: A case study of long-term real-life autobiographical memory.
    57. (2010). Temporal dynamics of unimodal and multimodal feature binding. doi
    58. (2008). The brain’s default network: Anatomy, function, and relevance to disease. doi
    59. (2007). The evolution of foresight: What is mental time travel, and is it unique to humans? doi
    60. (2009). The frame problem.
    61. (2008). The hippocampus and memory: Insights from spatial processing.
    62. (2008). The hippocampus as a “stupid”, domain-specific module: Implications for theories of recent and remote memory, and of imagination.
    63. (2007). The medial temporal lobe and recognition memory.
    64. (2009). The mirror neuron system. doi
    65. (2002). The nature of recollection and familiarity: A review of 30 years of research. doi
    66. (2008). The reorienting system of the human brain: From environment to theory of mind. doi
    67. (2007). The representation of object concepts in the brain.
    68. (2010). The role of causal connections in the development of false memories for entire fabricated events.
    69. (2009). The role of visual working memory in attentive tracking of unique objects.
    70. (2003). The social brain: Mind, language and society in evolutionary perspective.
    71. (2006). The time course of consolidation in visual working memory. doi
    72. (2009). Thinking as the control of imagination: A framework for goaldirected systems.
    73. (2005). Timing of the brain events underlying access to consciousness during the attentional blink.
    74. (2001). Toward a cognitive neuroscience of consciousness: Basic evidence and a workspace framework.
    75. (2009). Toward a theory of the empirical tracking of individuals: Cognitive flexibility and the functions of attention in integrated tracking. doi
    76. (2011). Trajectory recognition as the basis for object recognition: A functional model of object file instantiation and object-token encoding.
    77. (2009). Vision in autism spectrum disorders.
    78. (2008). Visual long-term memory has a massive storage capacity for object details.
    79. (2007). Visual perception and memory: A new view of medial temporal lobe function in primates and rodents.
    80. (2006). What do we learn from binding features? Evidence for multilevel feature integration. doi
    81. (2009). When an object is more than a binding of its features: Evidence for two mechanisms of visual feature integration.
    82. (2010). Where do mirror neurons come from?

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.