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Time-resolved gas-phase kinetic study of the germylene addition reaction, CH3C CCH3

By Rosa Becerra and Robin Walsh

Abstract

Time-resolved kinetic studies of the reaction of germylene, GeH2, generated by laser. ash photolysis of 3,4-dimethyl-1-germacyclopent-3-ene, have been carried out to obtain rate constants for its bimolecular reaction with 2-butyne, CH3C CCH3. The reaction was studied in the gas phase over the pressure range 1-100 Torr in SF6 bath gas, at five temperatures in the range 300-556 K. The second order rate constants obtained by extrapolation to the high pressure limits at each temperature, fitted the Arrhenius equation:\ud log(k(infinity)/cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1)) = (-10.46 +/- 10.06) + (5.16 +/- 10.47) kJ mol(-1)/ RT ln 10\ud \ud Calculations of the energy surface of the GeC4H8 reaction system were carried out employing the additivity principle, by combining previous quantum chemical calculations of related reaction systems. These support formation of 1,2-dimethylvinylgermylene (rather than 2,3-dimethylgermirene) as the end product. RRKM calculations of the pressure dependence of the reaction are in reasonable agreement with this finding. The reactions of GeH2 with C2H2 and with CH3CRCCH3 are compared and contrasted.\u

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:centaur.reading.ac.uk:18413
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