The estimation of instantaneous frequency (IF) method is introduced to compensate for the group velocity of electromagnetic wave in dispersive medium. The location of the reflected signal can be obtained by using the time-frequency cross correlation (TFCC), following which it is used to extract the transmitted signal from the total signal acquired. The signal propagated in the dispersive medium is attenuated and distorted by the attenuation characteristics, which depend on the frequency of the medium. By using the IF curve calculated for the transmitted signal, the changed center frequency and time terms can be obtained. The obtained terms are used to compensate for the group velocity error induced by signal distortion and attenuation. Through experiments and simulation, the accuracy of the proposed method is 2% higher than that of the conventional method when the signal propagates over a long distance
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