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Nuclear shock waves in heavy-ion collisions

By Werner Scheid, Hans Müller and Walter Greiner

Abstract

It is shown that nuclear matter is compressed during the encounter of heavy ions. If the relative velocity of the nuclei is larger than the velocity of first sound in nuclear matter (compression sound for isospin T=0), nuclear shock waves occur. They lead to densities which are 3-5 times higher than the nuclear equilibrium density ρ0, depending on the energy of the nuclei. The implications of this phenomenon are discussed

Topics: ddc:530
Year: 2006
OAI identifier: oai:publikationen.ub.uni-frankfurt.de:2514

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