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Autoritarna dinamika: područja mira i sukoba i teorija autoritarne dinamike

Abstract

The basic assumptions of Karen Stenner’s authoritarian dynamics theory are tested in this paper. The idea of the theory is that there is no difference in normal situations in tolerance between authoritarian and non-authoritarian individuals. Only the situation of normative threat leads to the fact that people with authoritarian predispositions react by increasing their intolerance. As a consequence, we can expect an increase in authoritarianism-tolerance correlation in situations of present threat compared with those without such threat present. In the paper, we empirically corroborate this increased correlation in the areas that have gone through interethnic conflicts, as among people who feel threatened by the return of refugees or by the European Union. These results are based on the data collected in the areas of intensive conflict during the wars of Yugoslav disintegration (Gospić, Plaški, Pakrac) compared with those that stayed peaceful (Vrbovsko, Rovinj, Daruvar).U radu se testiraju neke osnovne postavke teorije autoritarne dinamike Karen Stenner. Ideja je teorije da u normalnim situacijama nema razlike u toleranciji između autoritarnih i neautoritarnih osoba. Tek situacija normativne opasnosti dovodi do toga da oni s autoritarnim predispozicijama reagiraju s povećanom netolerantnošću. Posljedica je da možemo očekivati veću povezanost između autoritarnosti i tolerancije u situaciji opasnosti nego kad je nema. U ovom se radu empirijski potvrđuje da je korelacija autoritarnosti i tolerancije veća u onim područjima koja su prošla kroz međunacionalne sukobe kao i kod onih ljudi koji percipiraju da su više ugroženi povratkom izbjeglica i pridruživanjem Europskoj uniji. Kao empirijska podloga korišteni su podatci sakupljeni u područjima koja su bila izložena ratnim sukobima tijekom dezintegracije Jugoslavije (Gospić, Plaški, Pakrac) za razliku od onih u kojima takvih sukoba nije bilo (Vrbovsko, Rovinj, Daruvar)

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