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Architecture and Architectural Stonework of the Mediaeval Castle of Vrbovec near Hum na Sutli

By Zorislav Horvat and Tatjana Tkalčec

Abstract

U radu je prikazan burg Vrbovec, smješten na krajnjem zapadu Hrvatskoga zagorja. Nakon iznošenja pregleda opisa i položaja burga, osnovnih povijesnih podataka i rezultata arheoloških istraživanja, arhitektura burga se razmatra i u širem kontekstu. Naziru se tri faze gradnje. Prvu fazu svjedoči sam tlocrt burga, drugu, osim ziđa, iskazuje množina kvalitetnih ulomaka arhitektonske profane plastike i poneka zaostala pojedinost u zidovima. Treća faza gradnje pripada razdoblju ranoga novog vijeka, kada se ruševni zidovi burga, nakon njegova stradavanja, koriste u svrhe stražarskih mjesta. Izdvajaju se nalazi vrlo kvalitetne klesane arhitektonske plastike, odnosno kamenih okvira prozora i vratiju, koji pripadaju drugoj fazi burga. Analizom je ustanovljeno da se radi o vremenu prvih desetljeća 15. stoljeća, kada je burg u vlasništvu srednjoeuropskih magnata – grofova Celjskih, koji ga bogato i stilski opremaju u duhu onoga doba.The paper presents the mediaeval castle (burg) of Vrbovec, situated at the extreme west of the Hrvatsko Zagorje region. Following the introductory description of the appearance and position of the burg, as well as the basic historical information and results of archaeological investigation, the architecture of the burg is considered within a wider context. Three phases of construction are distinguishable. The first phase is evident from the very layout of the burg; the second, besides the walls, is apparent from the multitude of good–quality fragments of profane architectural stonework and occasional remaining details in the walls. The third phase of construction belongs to the Early Modern period, when the decrepit walls of the burg, following its devastation, are used as sentry posts. Finds of high–quality carved architectural stonework, more precisely stone frames of windows and doors, which belong to the second phase of the burg, are worthy of particular mention. The analysis established that this occurred in the first decades of the 15th century, when the burg was owned by central European magnates, the Counts of Celje, who lavishly furnished it in the spirit of the time

Topics: burg Vrbovec; Klenovec Humski; arheološka istraživanja; arhitektonska profana plastika; prozor; vrata; gotičke profilacije; grofovi Celjski; 15. stoljeće, castle of Vrbovec; Klenovec Humski; archaeological investigation; profane architectural stonework; window; door; Gothic mouldings; Counts of Celje; 15th century
Publisher: Institute of arhaeology
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:hrcak.srce.hr:50499

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