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Glass pouring vessels from the Roman-era Relja necropolis in Zadar

By Berislav Štefanac

Abstract

U tekstu se obrađuje skupina staklenih kapaljki s tijelom u obliku stilizirane ptice. Recipijenti su pronađeni tijekom recentnih arheoloških istraživanja na prostoru antičke nekropole Relja u Zadru. Riječ je o predmetima koje karakterizira kuglasti ili ovoidni oblik tijela s dužim ili kraćim cilindričnim vratom. Na tijelu bočice nalazi se šuplji cjevasti lijevak (stilizirani rep ptice), koji služi za precizno izlijevanje tekućine. Prema izgledu recipijenata i njihovoj namjeni kapaljke su izdvojene u dvije tipološke skupine (kapaljke kuglastog tijela s apliciranim lijevkom [dječje bočice] i kapaljke ovoidnog tijela). Prema dataciji grobnih cjelina u kojima su pronađeni te prema bliskim analogijama možemo kazati kako primjerci pripadaju razdoblju od kraja 1. do polovice 3. stoljeća. Uz navedene neobjavljene primjerke sa zadarske nekropole objelodanjuje se i jedan guttus kojem nije poznato mjesto nalaza, a potječe sa šireg zadarskog područja. Podrijetlo kapaljki kuglastog i ovoidnog tijela tražimo u istočnim staklarskim radionicama.The text contains an analysis of glass bird-shaped droppers. The recipients were found during recent archaeological research in the territory of the Roman-era necropolis known as “Relja” in Zadar. These are items characterized by spherical or ovoid shaped bodies with longer or shorter cylindrical necks. The vial’s body features a narrow tubular spout (a stylized bird’s tail) which served to pour liquids in measured doses. Based on the appearance of their recipients and their purpose, these pouring vessels have been divided into two typological groups (spouted spherical bottles [baby feeders] and ovoid droppers). According to the dating of the grave units in which they were found and based on close analogies, the examples can be said to belong to the period from the late first to mid-third centuries. Besides these unpublished examples from the Zadar necropolis, a guttus is also published here which originated in the wider Zadar area, although its exact discovery site is not known. The origin of the spherical and ovoid pouring vessels are sought in the eastern glass workshops

Topics: Jader; rimsko staklo; guttus, Iader; Roman glass; guttus
Publisher: Archaeological Museum Split
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:hrcak.srce.hr:47743

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