Welche Kategorien sind in Frcqebčqen und Beurteilungsskalen in Gebrauch?

Abstract

U mjernim postupcima u kojima se rabe skale procjena, upitnici te druge tehnike procjena, a u kojima su nazočni verbalni izrazi kvantitete kao što su "često", "malo", "nikad", "puno" i sl., susrećemo se sa svojevrsnim paradoksom koji se ogleda u tomu da koristimo verbalne izraze koji su neprecizni i varljivi u značenju, kako bismo njima kvantitativno ("precizno") opisali postojanje ili nepostojanje nekih varijabli među ispitanicima. Cilj je ovog istraživanja ispitati kvantitativno značenje najčešće rabljenih verbalnih kvantifikatora učestalosti te na osnovi dobivenih rezultata predložiti nekoliko skala procjena koje bi statistički najopravdanije bile za praktičnu uporabu.ln the measuring procedures in which evaluation scales, questionnaires and other techniques of evaluation are used and which contain verbal expressions of quantity such as "often", "a little", "never", "a lot" etc, we are confronted with a kind of paradox. This is reflected in the fact that in terms of meaning we use innacurate and elusive verbal expressions in order to describe quantitatively ("accurately") the existence or lack of certain variables among respondents. The aim of this research is to examine the quantitative meaning of the most often used verbal quantifiers of frequency and to propose, based on the results obtained, several evaluation scales which would be statistically most justified for practical usage.ln Messungen, in denen Beurteilungsskalen, Frageb6gen und andere Einschatzungstechniken angewandt werden, die mit AusdrOcken wie "oft", "wenig", "nie", "viel" u. a. operieren, begegnen wir einem paradoxen Umstand. Es werden nčrnlich AusdrOcke eingesetzt, deren Bedeutung unprčzis und irrefOhrend ist, um auf quantitative ("prazise") Weise das Bestehen oder Nichtbestehen von Variablen unter den Befragten zu beschreiben. Es ist das liel dieser Untersuchung, die quantitative Bedeutung der haufgisten verbalen Quantifikatoren zu ermitteln und anhand der Ergebnisse einige Beurteilungsskalen vorzuschlagen, die im statistisehen Sinne fOr den praktisehen Gebrauch am meisten gerechtfertigt waren

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